Perceptions of Situations


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The Perceptual Process

This data can be reflected both in terms of age group and length of institutionalization. Younger adolescents tend toward externalizing problems, especially boys Bongers et al. In addition, a possible adaptation to the institutional environment was indicated by demonstrations of positivity regarding the care situation made by the adolescents in the sample who had been in care for more than two years. When asked about their ideas for the reasons for being taken into care, some of the adolescents studied refused to respond or claimed ignorance.

In this study, some adolescents reported some contacts with more than one family member, although the frequency was occasional. References to feelings of abandonment, stress, nervousness and the desire to establish a home were found in their reports. The younger adolescents aged 11 to 14 years and the girls in general tended toward a more negative perception of the care, while the older adolescents investigated 15 to 18 years and the boys reported perceptions marked by indifference.

When Perceptions Deviate from Classic Color Meanings

Some positivity in this perception appeared in the adolescents who had been in the service for longer, probably due to being more adapted to the environmental context of the institution, and having the possibility of creating positive bonds. Although the institutions generally have few caregivers for many individuals, the staff can represent parental figures, in cases of environments of stable interaction, providing safe and reliable relationships Carlos et al. In both the closed questions regarding dreams and hopes and the open questions of the interviews the adolescents gave answers with content relevant to: the importance of family members and friends, future desires to leave the institution and build a family, and themes regarding studies, school and work.

With regard to this last element, related to the career, in general they seemed to have dreams of a professional life with elements permeated by values of our culture, potentially inaccessible in their life trajectories marked by impairments in family and school life. The present study do not have generalization pretensions for the population of Brazilian adolescents living in the residential care situation, and also present a limit due to not exploring the institutional dynamics present in the different care services public or private sector. The work, however, reflects worrying data regarding the psychological conditions of this population, consistent with other recent studies on the subject of development of institutionalized children and adolescents.

Internalizing and externalizing psychological problems were indicated in the evaluation of the adolescents investigated, who generally expressed a negative perception regarding the residential care. However, the older adolescents, in the second stage of adolescence, especially the boys, expressed indifference to their life situations in the institution. This indifference can be an important sign of the emotional problems of these adolescents, as a possible indicator of hopelessness or discontinuance of the use of psychic resources for coping with the situation and having hope for life.

It should be noted that one of the adolescents expressed suicidal intentions Tevendale et al. Instabilities upon entering the institutions, and memories about the reasons for having been taken into care were the elements expressed with a greater burden of psychological distress for those investigated. However, the adolescents reported dreams for life, such as studying, having a family and a job - dreams with few links to plans and projects, appearing as reports of a potential positivity for life and happiness, emerging culture, ideology, and values of the times in which they live.


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The results of this study reaffirm, as found in other studies, a situation in which children and adolescents in residential care configure staff members of the institutional services as substitutes for the family roles, providing part of the fundamental microsystems of development. It follows that the staff members of the care services need specific training to develop the skills and competencies necessary to confront the operational and symbolic roles required of them in the daily care and attention for these children and adolescents.

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Also aligned with the results of the study is the fact that social workers and school and health agents that interact with this institutionalized population must be better informed about their particular needs. In turn, and most important, it should be noted that systematic work with the families of origin microsystems to be restored must be given priority and restructuring in order to empower and strengthen them to face the expected processes of positive family reintegration of their children.

Furthermore, the importance can also be noted of public debates related to the questions of children and adolescents in care, including other social institutions and the media, so as to mobilize indispensable macrosystem elements for social conscientization of the problem. Finally, further studies on institutionalized population are suggested, continuing the works being presented, with greater diversification of the samples in order to give greater consistency to the knowledge of the residential care situation in Brazil.

This is necessary to promote the growth and improvement of Public Policies aimed at the important challenge and social duty to establish integral and positive development conditions for children and adolescents living in residential care services. Temas em Psicologia, 21 1 , Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 23 3 , Bardin L.

The prevalence of mental illness in homeless children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Developmental trajectories of externalizing behaviors in childhood and adolescence. Child Development, 75 5 , Bronfenbrenner U. A ecologia do desenvolvimento humano: Experimentos naturais e planejados [The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design] 2nd ed.

Porto Alegre, RS: Artmed. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 21 2 , Fave AD, Massimini F. Living at home or in institution: Adolescents' optimal experience and life theme building. Estresse em adolescentes abrigados [Stress in sheltered adolescents]. Guo X, Slesnick N.

Social perception

The role of child gender, problem behaviors, and the family environment on maternal depressive symptoms: Findings from mothers of substance abusing runaway adolescents. Journal of Community Psychology, 39 7 , Lei No. Liu J. Childhood externalizing behavior: Theory and implications. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 17 3 , Marinkovic JA, Backovic D.

Relationship between type of placement and competencies and problem behavior of adolescents in long-term foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 29 2 , Emotional and behavioural problems among sheltered homeless children. Journal of the Nepal Medical Association, 52 , Psico-USF, 18 3 , Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Validity evidences for the youth self-report in Brazil. Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence, 60 5 , SS Behavioral and emotional problems reported by parents of children ages 6 to 16 in 31 Societies.

Kai T. Horstmann, Johanna Ziegler, and Matthias Ziegler

Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Fall, 15 3 , Save the Children. In thought I want to put in writing like this moreover? I procrastinate alot and definitely not appear to get one thing done. When I look I try to see what is there, the "what is ", but all of us have our own filters based on our own personal experience which filters what we see. If the seeing is clean without any judgement or preconceived notions we can see what is there the "what is".

But there may be some baggage or emotional charge which could be either negative or positive that is filtering the "what is" turning it into the " what I would like it to be" or the " what I am afraid it is". I am the type of person that looks at situations clearly, and looks for accuarte facts about people and my surroundings.

I am sort of the opposite of someone who distorts things. Lately I have had co workers who have personal and emotional issues, and competitive issues that cause their brains to distort reality. She may be one of the most vivid examples of people who distort reality that I have ever witnessed in my entire life.

Her brain seems to be created a false version of reality. Maybe one that she can handle. But is it real. Karyn Hall, Ph. Are you stressing about time?

Individual Perceptions and Behavior | Boundless Management

Maybe there's a different way to look at it. Trying to protect yourself by blaming may be creating isolation and depression. You know your feelings about loved ones and they know too. But do you tell them?


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Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help. Back Magazine. Subscribe Issue Archive. Back Today. How We Affect Each Other. Karyn Hall Ph. Follow me on Twitter. Friend me on Faceook. References Ariely, D. Predictably Irrational. Blast parajumpers Submitted by Blast parajumpers on December 3, - am.

Parajumpers jakker menns Submitted by Parajumpers jakker menns on December 3, - am. Hi, Thank you for this post that has been really helpful. The truth is that etc. Seeing Submitted by Gary Amstutz on November 1, - pm. Distorted Reality Submitted by Brian on September 16, - pm.

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One co worker saw me on break. She asked "What are you doing? What for. I was eating lunch. This is very alarming to me. Very hard to deal with speaking to someone who distorts reality.

Perceptions of Situations Perceptions of Situations
Perceptions of Situations Perceptions of Situations
Perceptions of Situations Perceptions of Situations
Perceptions of Situations Perceptions of Situations
Perceptions of Situations Perceptions of Situations
Perceptions of Situations Perceptions of Situations
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